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Bilirubin is a tetrapyrrole and a breakdown product of heme catabolism that acts as a physiological, chain-breaking antioxidant.

Sodium L-Ascorbyl-2-Phosphate

Sodium L-ascorbyl-2-phosphate (Sodium ascorbyl phosphate, SAP) is specifically produced for use as a stabilized source of vitamin C in cosmetic products. It is used in skin care recipes for UV protection, collagen production, as an antioxidant and for its skin lightening and brightening effects.


Hydroquinine, also known as dihydroquinine, is an organic compound and as a cinchona alkaloid closely related to quinine.

Propyl Gallate

Propyl gallate is an antioxidant used in foods especially animal fats and vegetable oils, also in a wide variety of cosmetics and beauty care products.


Alpha-arbutin (4-hydroxyphenyl-D-lucopyranoside) is a synthetic and functional active ingredient for skin lightening.


7-Ethyl Camptothecin is an anti-cancer chemical that exhibits a strong activity against various murine tumors through Topo I (topoisomerase) inhibition.

Safflower Yellow

Safflor Yellow (SY), the main active constituent of the traditional Chinese medicine Safflower, is known as a neuroprotective agent that indirectly attenuates neuroinflammation.


Ademetionine, also known as SAMe, is a specific form of the amino acid methionine known as S-adenosyl-methionine. It is essential for the formation of glutathione, a water-soluble peptide that helps the body fight free radicals.


Tylosin is a macrolide-class broad spectrum antibiotic that’s used in veterinary medicine to treat felines, canines and livestock.

Flavin Mononucleotide

Flavin mononucleotide is a biomolecule produced from riboflavin (vitamin B2) by the enzyme riboflavin kinase and functions as prosthetic group of various oxidoreductases including NADH dehydrogenase as well as cofactor in biological blue-light photo receptors.



Lanolin is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals and used widely in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries.


Proanthocyanidins (PAs), also known as condensed tannins, are a class of polyphenols found in a variety of plants. They are very powerful antioxidants that remove harmful free oxygen radicals from cells.


Tea Polyphenol

Tea polyphenols are chemical compounds such as flavanoids and tannins found naturally in tea. Several biological properties have been associated to tea polyphenols (TP), including antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic and antimicrobial activities.


Stachyose is a natural sugar found in many foods like beans and vegetables.

Tabersonine Hydrochloride

Tabersonine, an ingredient extracted from the bean of Voacanga africana, is a potent inhibitor against Aβ(1−42) aggregation and toxicity.

Pralidoxime Iodide

Pralidoxime Iodide (2-PAM) is an antidote approved for reactivation of inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in organophosphate poisoning.