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Acetosyringone is a phenolic natural product with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory actions.

Djenkolic Acid

Djenkolic Acid is a naturally occurring sulfur-containing amino acid extracted from djenkol beans. It is toxic to humans, often causing kidney failure.

Usnic Acid

Usnic acid is a furandione found uniquely in lichen that is used widely in cosmetics, deodorants, toothpaste and medicinal creams as well as some herbal products. It exhibits antiviral, antiprotozoal, antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity.

Fumaric Acid

Fumaric acid is an intermediate in the citric acid cycle used by cells to produce energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from food also a product of the urea cycle.


L-Threonine is an essential amino acid which is in its active form. It is important for the formation of collagen, elastin, and tooth enamel, and aids liver and lipotropic function when combined with aspartic acid and methionine.

L(+)-Asparagine Monohydrate

L-asparagine is a non-essential amino acid that is involved in the metabolic control of cell functions in nerve and brain tissue, being used for a variety of pharmaceutical applications.

Nonanoic Acid

Nonanoic acid is a naturally occurring fatty acid found in both vegetable and animal fats.

2,3-DiHydroxybenzoic Acid

2,3-Dihydroxybenzoic acid is a natural phenol found in Phyllanthus acidus and in the aquatic fern Salvinia molesta, also a product of human aspirin metabolism. It is a potentially useful iron-chelating drug and has antimicrobial properties.


Isovanillin is a reversible inhibitor of aldehyde oxidase. It is largely used as pharmaceutical intermediates and also applied in food and beverage industry, synthetic fragrances, chemical.


Farnesol is a natural sesquiterpene alcohol that is potent in treating antimetabolic disorders, anti-inflammation, showing antioxidant, anticancer, and antibiotic effects.


Maltol is a naturally occurring organic compound that is flavour enhancer and flavouring agent.

cis-Aconitic Acid

Cis-Aconitic acid is an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle produced by the dehydration of citric acid.


Cedrol, a natural occuring sesquiterpene alcohol, is a potent competitive inhibitor of CYP2B6-mediated bupropion hydroxylase with inhibition constant (Ki) value of 0.9 μM. It also inhibits CYP3A4-mediated midazolam hydroxylation with a Ki value of 3.4 μM while only weakly inhibits CYP2C8, CYP2C9, and CYP2C19 activities.


4′-Hydroxychalcone, found in herbs and spices and tea, is a member of the class of compounds known as retrochalcones. It has diverse biological activities, inhibiting TNFα-induced NF-κB pathway activation in a dose-dependent manner and activating BMP signaling.


Antiarol is a member of aromatic phenols and exhibits moderate DPPH free radical scavenging activity.