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Thioctic Acid

Thioctic acid (DL-α-Lipoic acid) is a cyclic disulfide antioxidant that interconverts with its reduced dithiol form.


Guaiazulene is a bicyclic sesquiterpene that is a constituent of some essential oils, mainly oil of guaiac and chamomile oil, which also serve as its commercial sources.

Methyl Cholate

Methyl Cholate is methyl ester form of Cholic acid that is a primary bile acid mainly produced by the liver.

Ethyl Vanillate

Ethyl vanillin, a vanillin analog, is a flavouring agent that exhibits strong antioxidant activity.

D-(+)-Trehalose Dihydrate

Trehalose is a non-reducing sugar. It is thought to provide plants and animals with the ability to withstanding periods of dehydration.


Ketoisophorone, also known as 4-Oxoisophorone, is the major component of saffron spice.


Trans-anethole is a phenylpropene derivative found in many essential oils, including anise oil. It has neuromodulatory, anxiolytic, antioxidative, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities.


L-Hisidine is an α-amino acid needed in humans for growth and tissue repair. It is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

Theophylline-7-Acetic Acid

Theophylline-7-acetic acid (Acefylline), acting as an adenosine receptor antagonist, is a stimulant drug of the xanthine chemical class.


L-tryprophan is an essential amino acid that acts like a natural mood regulator that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for nitrogen balance in adults.



L-Arabinose (l-Ara) is a plant saccharide that is not found in animals. It is a component of cell wall and may be useful as a natural pharmaceutical.

Methyl 4-Hydroxybenzoate

Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate is an anti-fungal agent often used in a variety of cosmetics, personal-care products and food preservatives.

Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid (NDGA)

Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is a phenolic antioxidant found in the leaves and twigs of the evergreen desert shrub, Larrea tridentata (Sesse and Moc. ex DC) Coville (creosote bush). It is a recognized inhibitor of lipoxygenase (LOX) and has antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties.

Caryophyllene Oxide

Caryophyllene oxide, an oxygenated terpenoid existed in many plant essential oil, is well known as preservative in food, drugs and cosmetics with anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and skin penetration enhancing properties.

Batyl Alcohol

Batyl alcohol, isolated from shark liver oil, is also present in yellow bone marrow of animals and has been described as an inflammatory agent.

Sinapinic Acid

Sinapinic acid, or sinapic acid is a small naturally occurring hydroxycinnamic acid which belongs to phenylpropanoid family and commonly used as matrix in MALDI mass spectrometry.