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Mucic Acid

Mucic Acid (Galactaric acid) is the dicarboxylic sugar acid resulting from oxidation glactose with dilute nitric acid. It is a substrate of galactarate O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase.


Glutamine is a non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes.


Dihydroactinidiolide is known to be a bioactive molecule in animals. It is a component of pheromones in insects, such as red fire ants and in mammals such as the Cat and the Red Fox.

Homoveratrumic Acid

Homoveratrumic acid (Homoveratric acid) is the main metabolite of 3,4-dimethoxyphenylethylamine (DMPEA) in urine.

Higenamine Hydrochloride

Higenamine, also known as Norcoclaurine HCl, is a non-selective β2 adrenoceptor agonist which is a chemical compound naturally occurring in a number of plants.


(+)-Borneol is one of enantiomers of borneol which is a valuable medical material, senior aromatic spice, and chemical material and has been used in food and also folk medicine.

3,5-Diiodotyrosine Dihydrate

3,5-Diiodotyrosine Dihydrate is a product from the iodination of monoiodotyrosine. In the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, diiodotyrosine residues are coupled with other monoiodotyrosine or diiodotyrosine residues to form T4 or T3 thyroid hormones.


Gamma-oryzanol (GO), a nutriactive phytochemical naturally occurring in crude rice bran oil, is an antioxidant compound used to treat hyperlipidemia, disorders of menopause and to increase the muscle mass.


Tetramethylpyrazine (ligustrazine, TMP) is a natural compound isolated from Chinese herbal medicine Ligusticum wallichii (Chuan Xiong) with anti-inflammation, antioxidant, antiplatelet, and antiapoptosis activities.

Uric Acid

Uric Acid, a normal component of urine, is a product of the metabolic breakdown of purine nucleotides.

L-Lysine Hydrochloride

L-Lysine hydrochloride is an essential amino acid. It is often added to animal feed used as a dietary supplement and plays a major role in calcium absorption, building muscle protein, recovering from surgery or sports injuries, and the body’s production of hormones, enzymes, and antibodies.


3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde is a phenolic aldehyde, a precursor in vanillin synthesis via biotransformation by cell cultures of Capsicum frutescens, a type of chili pepper.

Tannic Acid

Tannic acid, a polyphenolic compound, is a CXCL12/CXCR4 inhibitor with antiangiogenic, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity.


Maltitol is a sugar alcohol (polyol) used as a sugar substitute. It is especially useful in the production of sweets, including sugarless hard candies, chewing gum, chocolates.

N-Sulfo-Glucosamine Sodium Salt

N-sulfo-d-glucosamine is a member of the class of compounds known as hexoses that is soluble (in water) and an extremely strong acidic compound. It locates in the cytoplasm within the cells.


Spermine is a polyamine involved in cellular metabolism found in all eukaryotic cells. It is found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and is an essential growth factor in some bacteria.