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Mesterolone is a synthetic steroid with anabolic and androgenic activities.


L-Cycloserine is a potent inhibitor of the sphingolipid pathway via inhibiting 3-ketodihydrosphingosine synthetase. It also inhibits HIV-1 cytopathic effects, replication, and infectivity.

Valproic Acid

Valproic acid is a fatty acid with anticonvulsant properties used in the treatment of epilepsy. It is also a histone deacetylase inhibitor and is under investigation for treatment of HIV and various cancers.


Lycopene is a linear, unsaturated hydrocarbon carotenoid, the major red pigment in fruits such as tomatoes, pink grapefruit, apricots, red oranges, watermelon, rosehips, and guava. It is a natural antioxidant.


Cardamonin, isolated from the fruits of Alpinia species, is a chalconoid with anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activity. It has been shown to be a novel antagonist of hTRPA1 cation channel with IC50 of 454 nM while does not interact with TRPV1 nor TRPV4 channel.


Pinocembrin is a major flavonoid molecule incorporated as multifunctional in the pharmaceutical industry. Its vast range of pharmacological activities has been well researched including antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer activities.


3′-Hydroxypterostilbene (3′-HPT) is one of the active constituents of Sphaerophysa salsula and Pterocarpus marsupium which may be useful in treating different types of haematological malignancies.

Bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC)

Bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) is a natural demethoxy derivative of curcumin and possesses several biological activities, such as anti-inflammation and anti-cancer activities.


Pterostilbene is a natural dietary compound and the primary antioxidant component of blueberries. It has been implicated in anticarcinogenesis, modulation of neurological disease, anti-inflammation, attenuation of vascular disease, and amelioration of diabetes.


Nonivamide, present in chili peppers, is commonly manufactured synthetically and used as a food additive to add pungency to seasonings, flavorings, and spice blends.

Acetyl Resveratrol

Acetyl Resveratrol is the derivative compound of resveratrol, which is a potent phenolic antioxidant found in grapes and red wine.


Astilbin, a flavonoid compound isolated from the rhizome of Smilax glabra Roxb, displays anticancer, antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and immunosuppressive activities.