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3-Nitropropionic Acid

3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP) is an irreversible inhibitor of mitochondrial respiratory Complex II succinate dehydrogenase, resulting in energy depletion through disruption of the electron transport chain.


4-Amino-5-imidazolecarboxamide is an imidazole derivative which is a metabolite of the antineoplastic agents BIC and DIC. By itself, or as the ribonucleotide, it is used as a condensation agent in the preparation of nucleosides and nucleotides.

Penicillin V Potassium Salt

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, also known as penicillin V, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It acts by inhibiting the biosynthesis of cell-wall peptidoglycan.


Ceftazidime is a third-generation cephalosporin that has activity against Gram-negative bacilli, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa.


Amlexanox is an anti-inflammatory antiallergic immunomodulator and also an inhibitor of the protein kinases TBK1 and IKK-ε.

Mafenide Acetate

Mafenide Acetate is a sulfonamide that inhibits the enzyme carbonic anhydrase and is used as topical anti-infective, especially in burn therapy.


Thimerosal is a well-established antiseptic and antifungal agent and usually used as a preservative in vaccines, immunoglobulin preparations, skin test antigens, antivenins, ophthalmic and nasal products, and tattoo inks.


Kitasamycin is a macrolide antibiotic. It has antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of pathogens.


Sulfamonomethoxine is a long-acting sulfonamide antibacterial agent and blocks the synthesis of folic acid by inhibiting synthetase of dihydropteroate.


Amitraz is a triazapentadiene, an α2 adrenergic agonist and a member of the amidine chemical family. It is a non-systemic acaricide and insecticide.

Cesium Chloride

Cesium chloride is the inorganic compound. It is widely used medicine structure in isopycnic centrifugation for separating various types of DNA and is a reagent in analytical chemistry.


Osalmid suppresses ribonucleotide reductase (RR) activity in a concentration-dependent manner, with a 50% RR activity-inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 8.23 μM.

Tacrine Hydrochloride Hydrate

Tacrine is a centerally active cholinesterase inhibitor that has been used to counter the effects of muscle relaxants, as a respiratory stimulant, and in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and other central nervous system disorders. It also acts as a histamine N-methyltransferase inhibitor.

Cefamandole Nafate

Cefamandole Nafate is the sodium salt form of cefamandole formyl ester. Cefamandole binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall, interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.

Cefpirome Sulfate

Cefpirome is a fourth-generation cephalosporin and is considered highly active against Gram-negative bacteria.